Sections

Division 08

08 00 00 OPENINGS

 

08 10 00 DOORS AND FRAMES

.01 Exterior Door Frames
  1. Exterior door frames shall be heavy duty (14 ga.), hot-dipped galvanized metal, or aluminum.
  2. Aluminum shall be anodized in selected finish.
  3. Door frames shall have concealed reinforcement plates for the attachment of all hardware.
  4. All exterior frames shall be weather stripped.
.02 Exterior Doors
  1. All exterior doors should be of metal, heavy duty (16 ga.), galvanized, and seamless construction.
  2. Aluminum doors shall be anodized in selected finish.
  3. Narrow stile type metal doors are not acceptable. Stiles and top rail shall be a minimum of five (5) inches and bottom rail shall be a minimum of ten (10) inches.
  4. Automatic hold-open devices are not permitted on exterior doors.
  5. Use of single doors or multiple doors with mullions is preferred.
  6. Comply with Section 01 05 05.01 Space Planning, Safety Considerations.
.03 Interior Doors - Wood
  1. Specifications for interior doors of wood shall be adapted from standards of the following manufacturers:
    Doors to be 1 3/4" thick agri-fiber core, flush.
    1. Algoma Hardwoods
    2. Weyerhauser
  2. It is preferred that wood doors be prefitted and prepared for approved hardware at the place of manufacture.
  3. It is preferred that wood doors be prefinished for natural finishes and presealed for doors to receive paint.
  4. Doors from corridors to stairwells and classrooms shall have a vision panel.
  5. All cut-outs for vision panels, louvers and similar items shall be accomplished at the factory. Manufacturers shall provide reinforcement members (if required), prefitted, prefinished mouldings, trim and all glazing beads.
  6. Provide removable astragal for all multiple door openings.
  7. Louvers, if required, shall be provided by the door manufacturer.

08 50 00 WINDOWS (EXTERIOR INSULATING GLAZING UNITS)

.01 Owners General Requirements and Design Intent:

  1. Safety Glazing
    1. Comply with all building code requirements.
    2. Also see, Section 01 05 05.01 Space Planning, Safety Considerations
  2. Visual
    1. Refer to Section 01 81 13 Sustainable Design Requirements for daylighting and glare control.
    2. Glazing systems shall be selected with spectrally selective coatings to filter damaging UV wavelengths in order to increase the life of interior furnishings.
    3. Renovations to historic buildings shall require special window detailing. Professional shall select and specify companies offering high-performance products that can provide the desired appearance, fitting with the period and style of the historic building, while maintaining energy efficiency.
    4. Daylighting (visible light transmittance – VLT)
      1. Select VLT for most effective utilization of daylighting, balanced with need for glare control.
      2. In general, window areas above 7’6” are considered to be daylight glazing. Use high VLTs (0.50-0.70) in these areas. Window areas between 2’6” and 7’6’ are considered vision glazing. Use VLT’s in the range of 0.35-0.50 to achieve recommended lower SHGF values in these areas.
      3. Exceptions: Lower VLT’s may be required to prevent glare, especially on the east or west facades, low sun angles, or for higher window-wall ratios, or light-colored, highly reflective adjacent exterior horizontal surfaces.
    5. Tint and Coatings
      1. If selective coatings are included in design, ensure the coating is fully and properly specified for each specific perimeter orientation or application.
  1. Moisture Protection
    1. Select glazing and frame thermal performance to avoid condensation problems. Higher performance glazing assemblies are required in higher indoor moisture applications such as indoor pools, food preparation, or certain research facilities.
    2. Design shall be integrated with building envelope to include careful construction detailing to maintain the continuity of exterior moisture, air infiltration and interior vapor barriers at the perimeter of doors, windows and glazed wall assemblies.
  1. Energy and Thermal Comfort Performance:
    1. At a minimum, comply with U-value and SHGC prescriptive Building Envelope Requirements in the High-Performance Building Design Standards referenced in Section 01 81 13 Sustainable Design Requirements, .02 Owner's High-Performance Requirements .
    2. Additional Energy Conservation Option Alternate Bid for Extra High-Performance Insulated Glass: Refer to .05 Owner's Additional Energy Conservation Options - Alternate Bid Requirements in Section 01 81 13 Sustainable Design Requirements. On projects that include new insulated glass in the base scope, include an Alternate Bid to provide extra high-performance glazing that will meet the following intent and criteria:
      1. Reduce energy consumption beyond minimum performance prescribed by the High-Performance Building Design Standards referenced above;
      2. Improve indoor comfort conditions via passive methods to comply with criteria in ASHRAE 55;
      3. Reduce mechanical and electrical system capacity and installed cost;
      4. Additional investment can be paid for by energy savings within an acceptable period;
      5. Demonstrated to be the lowest total cost of ownership for the life of the project.
    3. High-Performance Solar Control Film Option for Existing Facilities: Evaluate and Include high-performance window film as an energy conservation option on renovation projects that do not otherwise include complete window replacement. The film shall be selected and applied to improve thermal comfort, reduce HVAC capacity, and reduce glare.
  1. Sound (Acoustics)
    1. Select and specify door and window units with adequate Outdoor—Indoor Transmission class rating to maintain indoor noise levels within allowable ranges.
      1. Include careful construction detailing to maintain continuity of sound transmission rating of entire wall/fenestration assembly.
  1. Quality Assurance
    1. Insulated glass units shall conform to ASTM E-2190 Standard Specification for Insulating Glass Unit Performance and Evaluation and be certified and labeled accordingly.
    2. Insulated glass units shall be glazed in accordance to Insulating Glass Manufacturers Alliance (IGMA) standards
    3. Performance Criteria: All glazing assemblies shall be certified by the National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC). Energy performance values (U-value and SHGF) shall always be specified to be certified for the whole assembly, not merely the center of glass.
  1. Maintainability and Service Life
    1. Window units shall allow for easy repair and replacement of flexible seals between glazing units and framing since these seals must be replaced periodically to maintain effectiveness.
    2. Designer shall select and specify insulated glass units with unit construction details that will ensure (guarantee) the longest service life when comparing major cost competitive manufacturers. This is to minimize life cycle costs and long term landfill waste stream. Insulated glass units are not typically recycled.

 

.02 Product Requirements
    1. General: All glass and glazing shall be in compliance with applicable codes.
    2. Windows:
      1. All sash and frames are to be nonferrous, extruded aluminum in corrosion resistant, protective finish of type and color approved by the University, with complete thermal barrier construction. If operable, using sliding, projected, or hopper with integral weather stripping; no outward projecting sash will be permitted on the ground floor.
      2. Wood windows with extruded aluminum clad exterior may be considered for non-institutional, non-commercial, non-student housing, individual or multi-family residential applications.
      3. Vinyl clad wood or frames/sash constructed of extruded vinyl are not permitted.
      4. For maintenance purposes, all windows should be arranged, manufactured, and installed, so that complete maintenance can be accomplished from the room side. This should include glazing, washing, screening, and normal repairs.
      5. Windows with fixed sash should be designed to allow the "fixed" sash to be operable only for cleaning and maintenance; i.e., utilize side pivoted or tilting type sash at normally "fixed" sash locations in high-rise buildings.
      6. Windows with flush-type moulding preferred.
    3. Insulating Glass Units:
      1. All exterior fenestration shall be specified with thermally broken exterior frames and thermally broken/insulated internal edge spacers between panes.
      1. Shall comply with all general requirements in Part .01 above.
      2. Alternate Bid for Extra High-Performance Insulated Glass:
        1. General: Refer to Additional Energy Conservation Alternate Bid Requirements.
        2. Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers offering extra high-performance insulated glass products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to, the following:
          1. Southwall Insulating Glass, Heat Mirror IG - http://www.eastman.com/brands/HeatMirror/Pages/Overview.aspx
    1. Glazing, glazing compounds and sealants:
      1. Refer to manufacturer's requirements and Flat Glass Jobbers Association (FGJA) "Glazing Manual" for special applications using elastic compounds, tape, polysulfide elastomer sealants, and compression materials.
    2. High-Performance Solar Control Film:
      1. Solar Control Film: shall have the following performance characteristics when applied to the interior surface of single-pane, 3-mm clear glass:
        1. Total Solar Transmittance: 19 percent.
        2. Total Solar Reflectance: 49 percent.
        3. Total Solar Absorptance: 32 percent.
        4. Visible Light Transmission: 33 percent.
        5. Visible Light Reflection - Exterior: 48 percent.
        6. Visible Light Reflection - Interior: 30 percent.
        7. U-Value, Winter Median: 0.60.
        8. Shading Coefficient: 0.28.
        9. Total Solar Energy Rejected (TSER): 76 percent.
        10. Emissivity: 0.07.
        11. Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC): 0.24.
        12. Ultraviolet Rejection: 99 percent.
        13. Light-to-Solar Heat Gain Ratio (LSG): 1.38.
        14. Winter Heat Loss Reduction: 42 percent.
        15. Summer Solar Heat Gain Reduction: 72 percent.
        16. Glare Reduction: 63 percent.
        17. Thickness without Liner: 60µ.
        18. Film Color: Warm neutral.
      2. Accessories: Provide accessories either manufactured by or acceptable to solar control film manufacturer for application indicated, and with a proven record of compatibility with surfaces contacted in installation. Install in accordance with manufacturer’s written instructions.
      3. Field Quality Control: After installation, view film from a distance of 10 feet against a bright uniform sky or background. Film shall appear uniform in appearance with no visible streaks, wrinkles, banding, thin spots or pinholes. If installed film does not meet these criteria, remove and replace with new film.
      4. Basis-of-Design Product: Vista Enerlogic 35 series. http://www.enerlogicfilm.com/commercial-use/35/performance manufactured by Eastman Chemical Company, Web Site: www.enerlogicfilms.com.

     

    08 70 00 HARDWARE

    .01 Finish Hardware Requirements
    1. Office Doors:
      1. Locks shall be one of the following:
        1. Sargent #8205 WTJ.
        2. Best 45H7A3J
        3. Schlage L9050 03L
        Latch bolt operated by lever either side except when outside lever is locked by button or toggle in faceplate; latch is retracted by key outside. Auxiliary bolt deadlatch.
      2. No door closers unless required by current applicable codes.
        Office suites main entrance door may use cast iron or aluminum body closer if requested by occupants.
    2. Classroom Doors:
      1. Locks shall be one of the following:
        1. Sargent 8237 WTJ
        2. Best 45H7R3J
        3. Schlage L9070 03L
        Classroom function, key outside locks or unlocks outer lever; Interior lever always free.
      2. Door closers shall be one of the following:
        1. Cast iron body (preferred): Lecture Halls (more than 75 occupants)
          1. LCN 4010/4111
          2. Stanley QDC115
          3. Sargent 281
        2. Cast aluminum (extra heavy duty) body may be used for classrooms 49-75 occupants:
          1. Stanley CLD-4551
          2. Sargent 351
          3. Norton 7500
        3. Cast aluminum (heavy duty) body may be used for classrooms under 50 occupants:
          1. Stanley CLD-3500
          2. Sargent 1430
          3. Norton 8500
          4. LCN 1450
      3. Inactive leaf of double doors shall have mortise flush bolts head and foot
        1. Rockwood 555
        2. Trimco 3915
        3. Ives 457
      4. See Division 13 20 10 for further references to the General Purpose Classroom document that includes information on doors and hardware.
    3. Laboratory Doors:
      1. Locksets and trim shall be one of the following:
        1. Sargent #8225 WTJ.
        2. Best 45H7T3J
        3. Schlage L9453 03L
        Latch bolt by lever either side. Dead bolt by key outside and turnpiece inside. Projecting deadbolt locks outside lever. Turning inside lever retracts both latchbolt and deadbolt simultaneously, unlocking outside lever.
      2. Door closers shall be one of the following:
        1. Cast iron body (preferred):
          1. LCN 4010/4111
          2. Stanley QDC115
          3. Sargent 281
        2. Cast aluminum (extra heavy duty) body may be used for undergraduate labs:
          1. Stanley CLD-4500
          2. Sargent 351
          3. Norton 7500
        3. Cast aluminum (heavy duty) body may be used for graduate labs:
          1. Stanley CLD-3500
          2. Sargent 1430
          3. Norton 8500
          4. LCN 1450
      3. Inactive leaf of double doors shall have mortise flush bolts head and foot
        1. Rockwood 555
        2. Trimco 3915
        3. Ives 457
    4. Storage Room Doors:
      1. Locks shall be one of the following:
        1. Sargent 8204 WTJ
        2. Best 45H7D3J
        3. Schlage L9080 03L
        Storeroom function, key retracts latchbolt but always remains locked; Interior lever always free.
      2. No door closers unless required by current applicable codes or facility programming requirements.
    5. Janitor Closet, Janitor Storage, and Utility Room Doors:
      1. Locks shall be one of the following:
        1. Sargent 8204 WTJ
        2. Best 45H4D3J
        3. Schlage L9080 03L
        Storeroom function, key retracts latchbolt but always remains locked; Interior lever always free.
      2. No door closers unless required by current applicable codes or facility programming requirements.
    6. Public Toilet Doors:
      1. At public restrooms with multiple stalls, doors shall be equipped with stainless steel push/pulls:
        1. Rockwood BF110 x 70C
        2. Ives 8302-10
        3. Trimco 1018-3B with matching push plates, minimum 18 ga, sized 8" x 16"
      2. Door closers shall be one of the following:
        1. Cast iron body (preferred):
          1. LCN 4010/4111
          2. Stanley QDC100
          3. Sargent 281
        2. Cast aluminum (extra heavy duty) may be used for single user toilet rooms:
          1. Stanley CLD-4500
          2. Sargent 351
          3. Norton 7500
      3. Provide kickdown holder where current applicable code permits:
        1. Rockwood 461
        2. Ives FS452
        3. Trimco 1220
    7. Communicating Doors:
      1. Locks shall be one of the following:
        1. Sargent 8226 WTJ
        2. Best 45H7G3J
        3. Schlage L9466 03L
        Latch bolt by either side. Deadbolt by key either side. Levers and deadbolt work independently. Code requires alternate exit in rooms with this lock function to avoid lock-in.
      2. No door closer, unless required by current applicable code.
    8. Stair Tower Doors:
      1. Exit devices and trim for single doors shall be one of the following:
        1. Von Duprin #98L-F-BE x 996L-R-03
        2. Precision FL-2114 x 4914C
        3. Sargent 8815 x 715ETJ
        Finish shall be US32D
      2. Exit devices and trim for paired doors shall be one of the following:
        1. Von Duprin #9827L-BE-LBR x 996L-R-03
        2. Precision FL-2114LBR x 4914C
        3. Sargent NB8715 x 715ETJ
        4. Finish shall be US32D
          No bottom latch or rod; Provide standard fire bolt to be installed 12" up from bottom of doors between pairs.
      3. OPERATION: exit by push bar, always free; entry by lever, always free
      4. Door closers shall be one of the following:
        1. LCN 4010/4111
        2. Stanley QDC100
        3. Sargent 281
        Bodies shall be cast iron, cast aluminum bodies are not acceptable.
      5. Hold open arms are not allowed on fire rated door. If hold-open function is desired, wall mounted magnetic holder tired into the fire alarms system shall be used:
        1. Rixson 997
        2. LCN SEM7840
        3. ABH 2100
    9. A. Exterior Aluminum Doors (narrow lock stile):
      1. Exit devices for single doors shall be one of the following:
        1. Von Duprin 33NL x 3982-6
        2. Precision 2403 x Rockwood BF158
        3. Sargent AD8405 x 862
        Finish shall be US32D
      2. At paired doors, use exit devices as listed above in conjunction with removable mullion:
        1. Von Duprin 4954
        2. Precision 822
        3. Sargent 980
      3. Prefer to not use surface vertical rod devices at exterior pairs, unless absolutely required for usage (if used, vertical rod extended latch guard is required). Do not use concealed vertical rod exit devices in any application.
      4. Operation: Egress by inside push bar, always free. Entry by key or card reader, which would retract latch and allows door to be pulled open. Do not provide cylinder dogging (unless facility security programming allows) to allow for push-pull operation.
      5. Door closers shall be one of the following:
        1. LCN 4010/4111
        2. Stanley QDC100
        3. Sargent 281
        Bodies shall be cast iron, cast aluminum bodies are not acceptable. Provide drop plates and fin stop spacers as required for correct installation on narrow top rail.
    1. B. Exterior Hollow Metal Doors (wide lock stile)
      1. Exit devices for single door shall be one of the following:
        1. Von Duprin 99NL x 392-6
        2. Precision 2103 x Rockwood BF158
        3. Sargent 8805 x 862
        4. Finish shall be US32D.
      2. At paired door, use exit devices as listed above in conjunction with removable mullion:
        1. Von Duprin 4954
        2. Precision 822
        3. Sargent 980
      3. Prefer to not use surface vertical rod devices at exterior pairs, unless absolutely required for usage (if used, vertical rod extended latch guard is required). Do not use concealed vertical rod exit devices in any application.
      4. Operation: Egress by inside push bar, always free. Entry by key or card reader, which retracts latch and allows door to be pulled open. Do not provide cylinder dogging (unless facility security programming allows) to allow for push-pull operation.
      5. Door closers shall be one of the following:
        1. LCN 4010/4111
        2. Stanley QDC100
        3. Sargent 281
        Bodies shall be cast iron, cast aluminum bodies are not acceptable.
    2. Vestibule Doors:
      1. Each door will have dummy push-pull bar to match exterior:
        1. Von Duprin 330 x 392-6
        2. Precision 671 DR x Rockwood BF158
        3. Sargent 8893 x 862
        Finish shall be US32D
      2. Door closers shall be one of the following:
        1. LCN 4010/4111
        2. Stanley QDC100
        3. Sargent 281
        Bodies shall be cast iron, cast aluminum bodies are not acceptable.

        NOTE: select exterior opening applications may warrant an in-ground closer. In-ground Rixson closers maybe used where doors are located under covered entrances away from the elements, subject to review from OPP. Vestibule and interior applications may use in-ground Rixson closers. Model shall be heavy duty, and specific to door characteristics and/or other facility requirements.
    3. Low Energy Power Openers (section 08 71 13 included for quick reference)
      1. Norton 6000 series
      2. LCN 4600 series
      3. Stanley magic force (subject that product comes with the special hardware/software (dongle) to program operator functions.
      4. Finish shall compliment the opening's frame and/or closers in the surrounding area.
      5. Actuator shall be by the above manufacturers or Larco.
        1. wireless actuators shall only be used on interior applications
        Closer bodies shall be cast iron, cast aluminum bodies are not acceptable.
      6. Bollards shall be minimum 42-inches high by 5-inches square and able to accept the push plate actuator, card reader and proximity reader. Color to be approved by Office of Physical Plant (OPP) before project bid phase.
      7. Note: Advances in technology are permitted where power opener product will provide substantially equivalent or greater access/ease of use. Submit product to OPP for consideration.
    4. Residence Hall Bedroom Doors:
      1. Locksets shall be one of the following:
        1. Sargent 8225 WTJ
        2. Best 45H7T3J
        3. Schlage L9453 03L
        Latch bolt by either side. Deadbolt by key or card reader outside and turn piece inside. Projecting deadbolt locks outside lever. Turning inside lever retracts both latch bolt and deadbolt simultaneously, unlocking outside lever.
      2. Door closers shall be one of the following:
        1. Cast iron body (preferred):
          1. LCN 4010/4111
          2. Stanley QDC100
          3. Sargent 281
        2. Cast aluminum (extra heavy duty) may be used:
          1. Stanley CLD-4500
          2. Sargent 351
          3. Norton 7500
      3. Kickplates and mop plates shall be 18 ga stainless steel with beveled edges.
    5. Uncontrolled Exit Doors:
      1. All doors shall be equipped with proper exterior door hardware as listed above with an emergency exit alarm:
        1. Detex EAX-500
        2. Alarm Lock PG21
      2. Emergency exit alarms will be armed with a small-format cylinder installed in alarm case. Where required for usage, also provide exterior rim cylinder to allow for arming/disarming alarm from outside.
      3. Exit alarms are battery operated (where applicable with prior approval).
    6. Lock Cylinders:
      1. All lock cylinders shall be 7-pin small-format type removable core.
      2. Keying / supply options:
        1. Specifications which require factory keying, provide Best core 1C72, No Substitutions.
        2. Specifications which list keying by the University Lock Shop, provide the following uncombinated or 0-bitted small format cores:
          1. Best 1C72 (no substitution)
          Import or other-brand cores will not be considered. Provide 2 key blanks with every core for Lock Shop use.
      3. Factory keying: All keys shall be embossed with the letters "PSU" and stamped 'DO NOT DUPLICATE' and key symbol as directed by the University.
      4. The contractor shall use construction cores furnished by the lock supplier and will return same after permanent cores are installed
      5. All key-operated elevator switches will be provided with small format cylinders to match key system.
      6. All small-format cylinders and cores will be furnished under the Finish Hardware Section.
    7. Electric strikes
      1. HES: Cylindrical/Mortise locks 1006
        1. Rim exit devices 9600
      2. Von Duprin: Cylindrical/Mortise locks 6200 series
        1. Rim exit devices EN800 series
      3. Trine: Cylindrical/Mortise locks EN400 series
        1. Rim exit devices EN800 series
    8. Hinges:
      1. All doors shall be equipped with proper size, type and number of hinges. Provide non-removable pins at exterior doors and interior secure doors swinging out.
      2. Interior doors up to 36" wide shall be provided with one of the following:
        1. Stanley FBB179
        2. McKinney TA2714
        3. Ives 5BB1
      3. Interior doors over 36" wide shall be provided with one of the following:
        1. Stanley FBB168
        2. McKinney T4A3786
        3. Ives 5BB1HW
        4. (extra heavy weight)
      4. Exterior doors shall be provided with one of the following:
        1. Stanley FBB199
        2. McKinney T4A3386
        3. Ives 5BB1HWSS
        4. (stainless steel extra heavy weight).
        All exterior hinges to be NRP.
      5. Continuous Hinges maybe used in lieu of "butt" hinges where the application would warrant enhanced durability /aesthetics.
        1. Stanley 661 HD
        2. Pemko CFM83 SLF HD
        3. Ives 112 HD

    9. Door Stops, Holder and Bumpers:
      1. Doors that open to a perpendicular wall shall be provided with wall mounted stop:
        1. Ives WS406/407
        2. Rockwood 406/409
        3. Trimco 1270WV/WX
        This is the preferred door stop application.
      2. Where required, floor mounted stop to be:
        1. Rockwood 442
        2. Ives FS438
        3. Trimco W1211
      3. Where neither floor or wall stops are applicable, provide overhead track stop:
        1. Surface mount heavy duty:
          1. Glynn Johnson 90
          2. Rixson 9-x36
          3. Sargent 590
        2. Surface mount standard duty:
          1. Glynn Johnson 450
          2. Rixson 10-x36
          3. Sargent 1540
          4. (use at closets and low-use doors)
        3. Concealed mount heavy duty:
          1. Glynn Johnson 100
          2. Rixson 1-x36
          3. Sargent 690
          4. (use at doors with Parallel Arm push side door closers)
      4. Do not specify automatic holders at exterior doors.
    10. Finishes:
      1. Standard finishes as follows:
        1. Interior hinges, locks, floor stops: US26D/652 Satin Chrome.
        2. Exterior hinges, push-pulls, kickplates, exit devices: US32D/630 stainless steel.
        3. Doors closers and accessories: 689 / AL powder coat aluminum finish.
        4. Other finishes may be warranted to match existing and need prior approval.
    11. Miscellaneous Requirements:
      1. SUBSTITUTIONS: This standard allows for three (3) solutions from unique corporations for all major items (hinges, locksets, exit devices, door closers and cylinders). In order to maintain quality on the campus, the University will not accept any alternates or substitutions to these items as specified above, unless prior written approval from Office of Physical Plant (OPP) is granted.
      2. Doors with push-pulls in conjunction with a cylinder deadlock will be drilled for cylinders.
      3. Provide rubber silencers at all hollow metal frames that do NOT receive sound seal or smoke gasket: Rockwood 608 or Ives 20.
      4. If required, any padlock supplied to be small-format 7-pin key system to match existing.
      5. Furnish padlocks for all transformer gates.
      6. Provide kickplates at any door scheduled with a door closer.
      7. Wood doors that are schedule with door closers to have sufficient blocking built in to meet a 1,000,000 slam cycle test. Thru-bolting of door closers is not acceptable.
      8. Flush bolts should be installed in edge of door.
      9. All push plates should be 8" x 16" unless not possible because of size constraints.
      10. All hardware to be installed according to manufacturer's recommendations unless specified for an atypical installation.